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Japanese seeds

Japanese seed is one of the types of seeds, which is a kind of edible nut and seed. One of the interesting things about this type of seed is the misconception about its name. Contrary to what everyone thinks, it has nothing to do with Japan. And basically, Japanese seeds are a native product of Iran. which belongs to Jaban village of Damavand city. Originally, the name of this product is Jabani seeds, which over time is called Japanese seeds.

This village is called Jaban or Jabon. which in ancient times caused this egg to be known as Jabani egg. Over time, its name was changed to Japanese seed.

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What is Japanese seed?

These seeds are the seeds of a special type of watermelon called nutty watermelon. which looks like normal watermelons. But only its seeds (Japanese seeds) are consumed and the watermelon itself is used as animal feed.

The nutty watermelon with the scientific name citrullus vulgaris schrad is a one-year-old plant with creeping stems and yellow flowers. It has a fruit with green skin and simple or striped color. The inner texture of this watermelon in different varieties is sometimes red or sometimes yellow or white.

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History of this product

The first cultivation of watermelon nuts has been observed in Jaban village, Damavand city, Iran. Of course, it has been nearly 30 years now that it has not been cultivated in that area. Apart from Jaban Damavand, there is also a village near Sabzevar called Jaban. Jaboni seeds have been cultivated in that village for many years.

In the villages of North Khorasan, South Khorasan and Razavi up to Golestan province, the cultivation of this type of seeds is widespread and the annual domestic production is about 15 thousand tons.

According to the statistics of the Global Biodiversity website (gbif.org), this plant has been observed in South and Central America, Africa and parts of Asia since the beginning of the nineteenth century, and gradually it has even reached countries such as Canada and Australia.